Cases of oral cancer have increased recently. Precious lives can be saved with early detection of oral cancer through different oral cancer screening procedures. This post briefly discusses different oral cancer screening procedures.
Procedures Used For Screening of Oral Cancers.
Four oral cancer screenings are used for early detection of cancer. When you notice presence of lesions in the mouth of the patient, below procedures can be used for detecting abnormal tissues which might become cancerous.
In these screening procedures, the removal of cells is done using a brush. The brush is precisely designed for collecting cells from all the layers of a lesion. All the collected cells are viewed under a microscope to find out if they are cancerous.
Exfoliative Cytology – Small Cell Carcinoma
This screening procedure is used for the collection of cells from the oral cavity or the lip. For gently scraping cells from the lips, a piece of small wooden stick, cotton or brush is used in this screening procedure. To determine if they are abnormal, the cells are viewed under a microscope.
In this screening procedure, collected cells are viewed using a special light. Normal tissues look different from abnormal tissues when viewed under the light with a fluorescent mouth rinse.
Toluidine Blue Stain
In these oral cancer screenings, a mouth of the patient is coated with a blue dye. Areas of the stain darker than others are more likely to be abnormal or cancerous cells.
Possible Risks Associated With Oral Cancer Screening
Prior having any screening examination for detection of oral cancer, it is recommended that the patient must discuss the test with his/her doctor as not all the screening tests for oral cancer are helpful and some of them may involve inherent risks.
False-Negative Test Outcomes
This may appear to be normal even though oral cavity is present. So, false negative results may result in delayed medical care as it shows there is no cancer or abnormal cell when it is.
Misdiagnosis Can Occur
For the purpose of diagnosing oral cancer, a biopsy procedure is recommended by cancer specialists. For checking the signs of cancer, tissues are removed from the oral cavity and viewed under an advanced microscope.
False-Positive Test Results
Results appear to be abnormal even though the patient is not cancer positive. It can lead to anxiety and is normally accompanied by more screening/testing procedures such as biopsy.
Throat cancer usually develops on the mucosal surface of the larynx, pharynx or mouth. The most common symptom of the throat cancer is the lump or the nodule in the neck. The symptoms of the thyroid cancer vary depending on the type of the thyroid cancer. The thyroid cancers are rare.
Throat cancer cases make up between 5 to 7 percent of all new cancer cases in the United States. The majority of throat cancer cases occur to people older than the age of 50. Twice as many men are diagnosed with throat cancer than women. Fortunately, the money spent on educating the public about throat cancer was well spent because the number of deaths due to throat cancer has been on the decline since the 1980s.
Chronic earaches are a common symptom of throat cancer; these aches can sometimes be mistaken for an ear infection caused by flu. Chronic sore throat is another major symptom of throat cancer and it can be persistent and not go away. A dry throat and difficulty speaking, sometimes it can feel like there is a lump in the back of the mouth, throat or neck, this symptom can also make one sound hoarse. Sometimes a patient suffering from cancer of the throat will feel numbness all over the face. A throat cancer patient can show visible sores on the tongue and mouth.
Throat Cancer Treatments
A Young Girl Receiving Chemotherapy
Throat cancer can be treated in a number of ways. Depending on the severity of the throat cancer, any combination of the following may be used to treat it:
Surgery – The surgery complexity will depend on the severity and extent of damage caused by the throat cancer.
Radiation – The radiation dose will vary depending on the size of the throat cancer tumor.
Chemotherapy – Chemotherapy will attack the throat cancer cells and (hopefully) eliminate them. Side effects from chemotherapy are generally extremely unpleasant.
It can be treated effectively when identified in right time. The surgery is the common treatment available. It’s also the effective treatment when the need arises to remove the tumor from the affected area. The other treatments provided for the throat cancer are radiotherapy, chemotherapy among others.
Gone are the days when the mere mention of ‘Cancer’ would make everybody quiver in his/her boots. Today, with hundreds and thousands of hospitals offering Cancer treatments, Cancer has become very much curable. Regular health check-ups help in diagnosing Cancer at an early stage and the earlier this disease is detected; the greater are the chances of recovery.
A Breast Cancer Patient
Do you know there can be as much as one hundreds types of cancer, such as lung cancer, breast cancer and blood cancer? And, though, symptoms of each type of cancer varies from the other, there are some common symptoms which can be seen in many types of cancer. Fatigue, weight loss and bowel changes, are among the symptoms that can be seen in many types of cancer. Thankfully, the patients can always get themselves treated in a leading cancer surgery hospital, and that too, at a considerable lesser cost as compared to hospital treatment costs in the west.
Make sure you choose a cancer surgery hospital which has done similar surgeries in the past; this ensures that you get the best possible treatment and recover fast.
Do keep costs of treatment in mind and plan accordingly so that you don’t have to face unpleasant surprises. It’s good to do a fair amount of market-research before you go out and point your fingers on one particular hospital. Talk to your doctor before you go for the surgery and ask all the relevant questions that come to your mind. Try to build a relationship of trust with your surgeon so that you get the most out of the surgery. Get yourself familiar with the procedure and follow your doctor’s advice to every letter.
Even after the surgery, there is going to be a long list of Do’s and Don’ts that you need to follow for a speedy recovery. Stick to your post-operative meetings with your doctors so that any potential danger can be tackled in time. You should also contact your doctor in case you feel any unusual pain in your body, especially in the area that’s been surgically treated.
Last but not the least; make sure you’ve an experienced surgeon with you. Talk to your surgeon in detail as to what could be the possible complications of the surgery, you intend to go for. Take your time before you say yes for the surgery. Just make sure you get yourself treated at the earliest so that the chances of success are always up.
Dentists can see irregularities in your mouth, so it’s a good idea to visit the dentist every once in a while. If you’re looking for a burwood dental centre, just click on the link to learn more about their services.
IFHNOS Auckland is here to give you the latest scientific studies in the Head and Neck Cancer treatments.
We believe in the saying: "An ounce of PREVENTION is worth more than a pound of CURE".
We are striving hard to educate the society on how to prevent these types of Cancer. This can be a fatal disease, but preventable. Stay tuned for more information.