Breast Reconstruction Surgery Cost and Other Related Factors.

Breast Reconstruction Surgery Cost and Other Related Factors.

Breast reconstruction surgery cost is the concern of every cancer patient or anybody who is considering the procedure in order to look perfect again. This helps in the early preparation and determining whether it can be covered by insurance or savings set aside. Unlike most of the reconstruction procedures that are considered as plastic surgery, breast reconstruction isn’t considered as a plastic surgery though it’s done by plastic surgeons. Breast implants after cancer is common among other patients hence most of the insurance companies offer policies that include reconstruction of the breast.

The nature of breast reconstruction surgery. breast reconstruction surgery cost

The reconstruction process requires a lot of procedures which may not be fully covered by the insurance. Some of the related cost is extended to the patient which requires them to prepare adequately before they can consider breast reconstruction surgery. Patients must engage in proper research before they consider the place for the reconstruction process to avoid financial surprise once breast reconstruction surgery is done.

Determinants of breast reconstruction surgery cost.

The cost of breast reconstruction may vary due to different factors which may directly or indirectly affect the financial position of the patient. Some of the factors that the causes variation in cost for breast reconstruction include:

  • Patient complexity.
  • Location of the patient.
  • Experience of the surgeon.
  • cases of emergency of the surgery.

The patient must undergo all the necessary examinations by a qualified surgeon to determine the best procedure that will match the reconstruction process. The breast reconstruction type is a great determinant of the cost hence the patient must be taken through the available options before they settle on the best way.

Types of breast reconstructions.

There are three main options for patients who are considering breast reconstruction. One reconstruction option should be carried out at a specific time to avoid any complication that may be related to the procedure. The main types of breast reconstruction surgery may have different costs attached to them and they include:

  • Implant-based.
  • Autologous tissue.
  • A combination of implant
Types of Cancer Rash and their Characteristics.

Types of Cancer Rash and their Characteristics.

Actinic keratosis cancer rash. When these nodes are numerous they will appear like the rush. This cancer rushes usually consists of dark or scaly nodes. They will often emerge in areas exposed to the sun for quite some times especially on the face, hands or on the neck. As stated above they are usually as a result if long expose on the skin to ultraviolet sunlight. If these nodes are became worst just give us a call to prevent possible skin cancer.

Actinic cheilitis cancer rash. It looks like scaly scalps and ulcers on the lower lip. cancer rush The lip affected may also be   swollen and appear reddish. This is due to prolonged exposure to the sun, so it often affects people with light skin who live in a sunny climate. Active inflammation of the lips may turn into cell carcinoma if nodules are not removed.

Cutaneous cancer rash. This type of cancer rash is very disturbing because in about half of the cases they grow from cancerous skin ulcers. Large, painful nodes are more carcinogenic. Usually, they will grow into clusters thus becoming a very painful rash.

Mole cancer rash. These rashes are usually smooth skin and mostly with brown color. They will often grow on separate locations but adults can have them appear in the same place forming a cancer rash. They end being a severe and painful type of cancer rash.

Basal cell carcinoma. This type of cancer rash appears either red or pink in color on the skin. Just like most other types of cancer rash, it is also caused by prolonged exposure to the harmful sun rays

Merkel cancer rash. It is a rare cancer rash. It appears like a reddish tumor and spreads very fast to other surrounding skin areas. Most likely to appear on the neck or on the face. Caused by prolonged exposure to the sun.

How to Check for Thyroid Cancer

How to Check for Thyroid Cancer

Doctors use many tests to find, or diagnose, cancer. If a person has symptoms and signs of head and neck cancer, the doctor will take a complete medical history, noting all symptoms and conduct a head, neck and lymph node check. Sometimes, certain tests will be conducted around the thyroid as well.

The thyroid is located inside the neck under adam’s apple. It is a very important gland in the body, although it is very small. It is responsible for the production of the hormones necessary for the proper functioning of the body. Not all throat problems can lead to thyroid cancer. First, you need to check for thyroid cancer symptoms to see if it’s really cancer.

The steps on how to check for thyroid cancer symptoms can be done in two ways;

  • you can either go for a medical check-up or
  • you can just examine yourself at home.


There’s no specific time of when you should start doing the test, although the disease appears mostly in young adults and very rare can you find it developing in adolescence or childhood stages. Here’s a procedure that you can follow:

  • Stand in front of your mirror where you can see your throat and neck
  • Tilt your head back in a position that your neck is easy and clearly visible
  • Take a drink of water and swallow it. Look carefully around your neck if you can see any unusual appearance like a lump or any enlargement. how to check for thyroid cancer
  • For an accurate observation, you should repeat the above step severally.
  • In case of detecting anything unusual, you should visit a doctor for professional checkups.

2. Medical/professional examinations/tests

This mostly goes to those people with higher risks of developing thyroid cancer. For example, if you have a family history of having overactive thyroid glands or those who have undergone head and neck radiation treatments as well as those who have been exposed to toxic radiations. These categories of persons may have to undergo at least one of the following tests:


Dip Tooth Loss and Cancer risks

Dip Tooth Loss and Cancer risks

Even though healthy teeth can result in good smiles and better well-being, there are some related effects that can cause more risks to the tooth. Tooth loss is one of the painful moments that you can easily experience when you don’t give them the right dental care in place. When you experience dip tooth loss either as a result of tooth infection or decay, you should consider working with professionals for early corrective measures. Dental implants are one of the best corrective measures for tooth loss. If you’re wondering how much it’s gonna cost, you can learn more about the price of dental implants in Australia right on this link.

Dip tooth loss is majorly caused by habits such as chewing and smoking tobacco without putting proper and right dental hygiene in place.When you get involved in any of the tobacco use, you are doing a lot of injustice to your teeth and you are likely to add pain. The damage can be so severe and may result in total teeth loss or may lead to teeth decay. Chemicals that are obtained from such habits can extend to affect the tongue, gums and the throat which then puts you on high risks for cancer.

The dip is highly associated with cancer risks either in the mouth and the throat. The wrong perception that has deceived many people about smokeless tobacco has caused them more harm than good. Some of the effects that result from the dip that will affect the safety of your teeth include;
Gum infection
•Tooth decay dip tooth loss
•Mouth sores
•Gum recession
Mouth cancer

Ways to control the risk of cancer

Timely dental procedures are some of the ways to help achieve better dental health and avoid any possibility of cancer in the mouth. The condition can be perfectly managed when you totally avoid the use of tobacco products. When your gums are affected, your teeth will weaken and become unable to support the normal roles which may result in tooth loss. The fluid that comes from tobacco when consumed in high quantity can result in pancreatic cancer. Don’t imagine you are safe from the effects of tobacco and its advisable to have frequent cancer screening to avoid extreme cases.

3rd Stage Oral Cancer

3rd Stage Oral Cancer

Oral cancer has developed into one of the most silent and horrifying disease that often proves to be lethal. One should have proper knowledge about the disease so that it can be diagnosed at an early stage. The treatment varies for different stages so if you want to know what they are you can check with CP Dental for more information.

There are several factors that can determine the stage of cancer like the size of the tumors, spread of the cancer to other body parts or its effects on lymph nodes. Stage 3 oral cancer is a severe condition when the oral tumor is larger than 4cm or when the tumor is of any size. The cancer cells are present in one lymph node located on same side of the head or neck as the primary tumor and its size is often less than 3cm across. It’s better if it is diagnosed early as it can be treated with less complication. However if one feels any such problems then definitely he should go for a medical help. This disease is one of the life threatening diseases which had spread throughout the globe. The number of patients has been growing for last few years. This has been mainly due to bad lifestyle habits. stage 3 oral cancer

Some of the deadly habits like smoking, drinking are the major causes behind the rise of the disease. Consumption of tobacco in any form can make the condition even worse. Therefore one must take care of lifestyle habits and must not indulge into habits that could prove to be fatal in future. Proper healthy diet and regular workouts can boost your immune system and help fight against several diseases including oral cancer. Some people despite having good lifestyle can develop the disease because of genetic conditions. For those people it becomes mandatory to seek medical help as soon as they realize that some unusual development in the body is there.

Medical Science has made huge achievements and the disease can be treated if diagnosed at an early stage. So, proper knowledge and information should be spread throughout so that the number of patients could be reduced to some extent. Knowledge of the disease can prove to be life saving for many of such patients.

Nasal tumors: Variety, Signs and Symptoms

Nasal tumors: Variety, Signs and Symptoms

A nasal tumor is a kind of swelling that appears in a person’s nasal cavity. It is important to note that not all types of tumors are cancer. The nasal tumors usually appear in different parts of the nose such as the nerves, the blood vessels, nasal lining, or even the cartilage. The most common type of the nasal tumors grows slowly in a person’s nose without invading into any particular nasal structures.

Common varieties of nasal tumors

1.Sinasal tumors.
This type of nasal tumor is very rare. It is a type of tumor that can arise in any part of a person’s nose. This type of tumor can be caused by inverted papillomas, adenocarcinoma, melanoma, plasmacytoma, giant cell tumor among other causes.
2.Malignant tumors.
Malignant tumors are a type of tumors that can easily spread to other parts of the body are commonly referred to as cancers. This type of cancers can be cured through the process of surgery. Examples of malignant tumors are,

  • Lymphoma
  • Squamous cell cancer
  • Melanoma which is a type of cancer similar to the one that is derived from pigment cells which cause the cancer of the skin. nasal tumors
  • Adenocarcinoma is also a type of malignant tumor which is formed from the glandular structures in epithelial tissue.

Signs and symptoms of tumors of the nose

  • Pain above the eye or below the eye region.
  • Decreased loss of the smelling senses.
  • Nasal drainage in the back of the nose and throat.
  • Pus draining from the nose.
  • Numbness or pain in parts of the face
  • Frontal sinus which is the swelling of the region above the eye on the forehead.

In conclusion,

You should seek medical attention early enough when you experience the above signs and symptoms so as to avoid complications that can be caused by nasal tumors.

The link between gum disease and cancer

The link between gum disease and cancer

Taking care of your teeth by maintaining good oral hygiene, routine visits to your dentist and reading useful information on dental health at DrHornsbyDental and other dental websites may not only be saving your smile but also your dear life. Recent studies have shown that there is a possibility that a common form of gum disease may also lead to head and neck cancer. It was discovered that people with advanced gum disease(periodontitis) are often diagnosed with head and neck disease. This is because when you have periodontitis, there is a progressive loss of bones and the soft tissue surrounding the teeth and this was associated with a more than three times higher risk of cancer of the head and neck.

This has helped researchers come up with reasons as to why the rates of head and neck cancer are still high although the rate of smoking keeps on declining for the last 40 years.A research that was conducted and published in Cancer Epidemiology, Prevention and Biomarkers there was a comparison of rates of periodontitis in 226 persons with neck and head cancer and 207 people without it.

gum disease and cancer

The outcome indicated that there was a greater than a fourfold higher risk of cancer of the neck and head in every millimeter of bone loss due to chronic periodontitis. People who had cancer of the mouth had the strongest link between the gum disease and cancer followed closely with cancer of the oropharynx.

Research, however, surprised many when it was discovered that the link between cancer of the neck and head and periodontitis in accordance to tobacco use was a bit weaker in those smoking currently as opposed to previous smokers and non-smokers.

In conclusion, we can say that cancer disease tends to increase when there’s a gum disease since even if there is a just a moderate gum disease, it contributes to an overall 14% risk of getting cancer and this includes kidney, lung and blood cancers in both Non-smokers and smokers.

Benefits of Dry Needling

Benefits of Dry Needling

Also known as intramuscular stimulation (IMS), dry needling is a form of treatment that involves inserting the needle into a trigger point of the muscle. By using the same thin needles used in acupuncture, skilled physiotherapists directly target the trigger points that normally cause pain throughout the body. For instance, dry needling for neck pain is proven to be helpful in decreasing pain and increasing motion for patients.

According to practitioners, the needle will help in relieving any muscle spasms or pain. While the needles will remain in your skin for short time, the total duration depends on the practitioner. Some dry needle techniques are also aimed at treating broader landscape. Instead of inserting the needles at the point of pain these techniques target the areas around the point of pain. Here are some of the benefits of dry needling


Relieves pain and muscle tightness

What makes dry needling one of the most effective techniques is that it targets trigger points. For instance, if you are suffering from neck or shoulder pain, the practitioner will insert the needles directly into the trigger points. This will release tension, reduce inflammation, and minimize the pressure that has caused pain.

benefits of dry needling

It relaxes tight muscles

Since physiotherapists can identify the trigger points, they use this technique to help relax tight muscles. Although the mechanism is not fully understood, it’s believed that it alters the electrical activity and effectively reset the muscles back to normal.

It speeds up recovery

Anytime you are injured the longest and the worst part is the process of recovery. With dry needling technique, you can experience quick pain relief through an improved range of motion. As compared to other treatment options, this will also speed up the process of recovery.

Improved blood flow

By seeking out the trigger points dry needling relaxes the muscles and improves your blood flow.


While dry needling is normally considered safe a person is at risk of contracting blood-borne diseases if the practitioner uses non sterilized needles. Other risks associated with it include

•Bleeding at the sites.
•Temporary soreness.
•Bruising around the sites.

Facts About Tonsil Cancer

Facts About Tonsil Cancer

Lymphoma refers to a type of cancer originating from lymphocyte (cells circulating in the lymphatic system). After affecting the tonsils, then it’s termed as tonsil lymphoma or tonsil cancer.

As per the U.S. National Institutes of Health, lymphomas make up for about 5% of all cases of cancer in the United States. Traditionally, lymphoma is classified as Hodgkin’s lymphoma and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma that used to include all the other types. Modern classifications of lymphoma are much more complex and sophisticated.

The lymphatic system is part of the body’s immune system, and hence individuals with a weakened immune system as a result of HIV infection or from certain medication are seen to have a higher incidence of lymphoma.

Cancer of the tonsil accounts for nearly 0.6% of malignant cancers in the United States every year. It’s generally difficult to diagnose this disease as the symptoms are quite delayed in their onset. Lymphoma is the second most common type of tonsil malignancy and is usually manifested as a submucosal mass in an asymmetrically enlarged tonsil. Patients are usually seen with a large mass in the oropharynx, and a swollen neck mass and complain of pain and weight loss. Cigarette smoking, heavy drinking, tobacco chewing and exposure to harmful UV radiation are considered the common risk factors for the disease.

Facts About Tonsil CancerLymphoma that is limited to the tonsil is treated with radiation, whereas if the disease is widespread, then it requires chemotherapy. In certain stages of lymphoma, it’s advisable to have surgery for removal of the malignancy followed by chemotherapy. So the treatment depends on stages.

It’s imperative that routine follow-up care of patients with tonsil cancer is done, as the risk of developing a second primary tumor is highest in this group. Studies have shown that patients suffering from tonsil cancer have a high 30% risk of developing it a second time.

Signs And Symptoms Of Salivary Gland Tumors

Signs And Symptoms Of Salivary Gland Tumors

The word salivary gland is used to collectively describe a large group of organs in the mouth and throat. The primary purpose of these glands is the secretion of saliva. Saliva is a mixture of water, mucous membranes, antibacterial agents and enzymes of most mammals. This substance begins to break down starch and fat, which initiates the process of digestion with chewing. They can start in the mouth, neck or throat glands. The salivary glands produce saliva that aids in absorption maintains moisture in the mouth and supports healthy teeth.

The tumors of the salivary glands are usually in the form of swelling in the affected organs, which may not be present for a long time or not. The tumor can be blocked with symptoms of blockage of the tube. Generally, in the early stage, benign and malignant tumors cannot be isolated. The participation of nerves is one of the main symptoms of transfer of fetal development. For example, the signs of facial nerve damage are associated with fatal parotid tumors. Pain and transmission in the face are often also related to deadly tumors. Other symptoms of the red disease, which may suggest lethality and additional investigations, which cover the skin of the mucous membrane, are involved in the correction of the nodule when it is due to ulcerations and stiffness.

Salivary Gland TumorsSalivary glands a tumor may have these symptoms.

  • A swelling on or near your jaw or in your neck or mouth
  • Numbness in part of your face
  • Excessive pain around the salivary gland.
  • Difficulty swallowing

Risk factor’s

The factors that increase the risk of salivary gland tumors are:

Old age

Although tumors of the salivary glands can occur at any age, they are the most common among older people.

Exposure to radiation.

Radiation, such as that used to treat head and neck cancer, increases the risk of tumors of the salivary glands.

Exposure to the workplace by some substances.

People who work with certain substances may increase the risk of developing tumors in the salivary glands. Workplaces related to salivary gland tumors include those involved in the production of rubber, asbestos, mining, and plumbing establishments.

Pharyngitis – Is It Contagious?

Pharyngitis – Is It Contagious?

Inflammation of the pharynx, present at the back of the throat, is called pharyngitis. Many people refer to it as a sore throat too. Pharyngitis can commonly result in pain, discomfort or scratchiness in the throat, but can also cause painful swallowing in some individuals. In fact, pharyngitis-induced sore throat is one of the most common reasons for doctor visits in the United States.

What Causes Pharyngitis?

Pharyngitis is mostly caused by a viral infection such as influenza, mononucleosis or the common cold. If it is caused by a viral infection, an antibiotic does not cure the problem but only relieves the symptoms. The viral infection completes its course and the symptoms go away in a week or so. However, when Pharyngitis is caused by a bacterial infection such as a strep throat, antibiotics are needed for treatment.

What are the Symptoms?

Symptoms accompanying pharyngitis can vary depending on what the underlying issue has been. When common cold and flu leads to pharyngitis, the following symptoms can occur:
  • Sneezing and coughing
  • Runny nose
  • Chills and fever
  • Headache and body ache
  • Fatigue.

If the underlying problem is mononucleosis, in addition to the above, symptoms can also include rashes, loss of appetite and swollen lymph nodes.

In rare cases where pharyngitis is caused by a bacterial infection, symptoms are:

  • Fever and chills
  • Nausea
  • Loss of appetite
  • General malaise
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Red, patchy throat
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Bad taste in the mouth.

Is Pharyngitis Contagious?

People are worried whether pharyngitis can spread from one person to another. The answer is yes – pharyngitis caused by a viral or bacterial infection is contagious and can easily be transmitted from one to another. Sometimes it can also be caused by a toxin or an allergy and in those cases, pharyngitis is not contagious.

Simple measures like the ones below can help prevent the spread of Pharyngitis.

  • Avoid sharing drinks, food and eating utensils (if possible) with the patient.
  • Avoid kissing.
  • Avoid using contaminated items such as towels, clothing and brushes.
  • Keep alcohol-based sanitizers handy at all times to prevent the spread of germs.
  • Wash your hands many times a day, especially before and after eating. Don’t forget to brush your teeth after eating. To find out more information on how to care for your oral health, visit Evergreen Dental Clinic in Chatswood to receive some advice and guides by just clicking on the link.


Pharyngitis can be treated at home without any antibiotics as it is mostly caused by a viral infection. However, visiting your doctor can ensure that the underlying problem is not a bacterial infection, in which case treatment is important. If you’re suffering from a sore throat for more than a week or have developed rashes, a visit to your doctor for a thorough check-up is a good idea.

Leading Causes Of Death In Australia

Leading Causes Of Death In Australia

The expectancy of life in Australia seems to be among the highest in the world. As per some study Australia came third in the statistics of life expectancy. In the year 2015 the average life expectancy was estimated around 79 years in case of males and 85 years for females.

But there has been several causes leading to deaths in Australia. In 2011 one of the leading causes of death in Australia were known to be cerebrovascular disease, heart disease, Alzheimer disease and dementia along with bronchial, trachea and lung infected cancers and obstructive chronic pulmonary disease. Almost half of the leading causes of death in Australia is related to chronic condition like cancer, heart disease.

Another cause which is growing fast in Australia as chronic illness is diabetes. It is reported that 100,000 new cases approximately comes to news every year. Studies have revealed one Australian in every five minutes on an average is found affected with type 2 diabetes.

Cigarette smoking is another leading causes of death in Australia, but when you compare it with rest of the world, it is around 16% and found one of the lowest in the world. Smoking can have negative effects on our bodies, as we are all aware of it. Especially to our dental health. It’s a good idea to have your teeth checked up by a professional more frequently if you are a smoker. You can visit this dentistry site in Burwood for more information.

Cigarette Smoking

No Surprise Here.

Moreover non-communicable chronic diseases has been accounting for greater proportions of deaths in Australia than infectious diseases. In the OECD Australia has been ranked fifth in the highest obesity rate. Statistics show almost one third of adult population is overweight and another one third is obese and 57% of the population is not in the habit of doing enough exercise.

Health statistics of Australia have recently shared that chronic diseases like heart strokes and heart diseases particularly reflecting affluent lifestyle has been found to be a leading causes of death in Australia. Also Australians having majorly fair skin are more prone to skin diseases like cancer because of severe exposure to UV light and 80% of all diagnosed cancers is that of skin, much more than that in the US or Canada.

Different Oral Cancer Screening Procedures

Different Oral Cancer Screening Procedures

Cases of oral cancer have increased recently. Precious lives can be saved with early detection of oral cancer through different oral cancer screening procedures. This post briefly discusses different oral cancer screening procedures.

Procedures Used For Screening of Oral Cancers.

Four oral cancer screenings are used for early detection of cancer. When you notice presence of lesions in the mouth of the patient, below procedures can be used for detecting abnormal tissues which might become cancerous.

Brush Biopsy

In these screening procedures, the removal of cells is done using a brush. The brush is precisely designed for collecting cells from all the layers of a lesion. All the collected cells are viewed under a microscope to find out if they are cancerous.

Exfoliative Cytology

Exfoliative Cytology

Exfoliative Cytology – Small Cell Carcinoma

This screening procedure is used for the collection of cells from the oral cavity or the lip. For gently scraping cells from the lips, a piece of small wooden stick, cotton or brush is used in this screening procedure. To determine if they are abnormal, the cells are viewed under a microscope.

Fluorescence Staining

In this screening procedure, collected cells are viewed using a special light. Normal tissues look different from abnormal tissues when viewed under the light with a fluorescent mouth rinse.

Toluidine Blue Stain

In these oral cancer screenings, a mouth of the patient is coated with a blue dye. Areas of the stain darker than others are more likely to be abnormal or cancerous cells.

Possible Risks Associated With Oral Cancer Screening

Prior having any screening examination for detection of oral cancer, it is recommended that the patient must discuss the test with his/her doctor as not all the screening tests for oral cancer are helpful and some of them may involve inherent risks.

False-Negative Test Outcomes

This may appear to be normal even though oral cavity is present. So, false negative results may result in delayed medical care as it shows there is no cancer or abnormal cell when it is.

Misdiagnosis Can Occur

For the purpose of diagnosing oral cancer, a biopsy procedure is recommended by cancer specialists. For checking the signs of cancer, tissues are removed from the oral cavity and viewed under an advanced microscope.

False-Positive Test Results

Results appear to be abnormal even though the patient is not cancer positive. It can lead to anxiety and is normally accompanied by more screening/testing procedures such as biopsy.

Dental hygiene can affect that too. Dentists can do brush tests to see abnormal growth on your mouth. Suspect dental implants can cause you heaps of trouble so choose a credible dental clinic that offers tooth implants.

Oral lymphoma: All you need to know

Oral lymphoma: All you need to know

Lymphoma is a type of cancer that starts in the lymphatic system of the body responsible for our immunity against diseases. Lymph nodes are the cells that fight against infections. In this condition, the lymphocytes grow drastically without control. Oral lymphoma affects the lymph nodes that are located near the oral cavity. To know more about oral lymphoma and other serious disease of the teeth, gums and the whole oral cavity, you may check out Toothsome’s website anytime.

The initial symptoms of oral lymphoma

  • Fever
  • Swelling
  • Ulcer
  • Sweating
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Enlarged Lymph Nodes
  • Tooth mobility and pain


Types of Lymphoma

1. Hodgkin’s Lymphoma (HL)
2. Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma (NHL)
The presence of Reed-Sternberg cell differentiates Hodgkin’s Lymphoma from non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Primary sites of HL are nasopharynx, the base of the tongue, posterior pharyngeal wall and tonsil. Primary sites of NHL include lymph nodes, lymphoid organs, extragonadal organs, and tissues. The prognosis and the treatment procedure is determined by the type of Lymphoma.

Diagnostic procedures used to confirm oral lymphoma

1. Biopsy
2. CT and PET scans
3. Blood tests

Treatment for Lymphoma

oral lymphoma treatment1. Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy is a process of destroying cancer cells with the help of drugs. The drug is monitored into the bloodstream, to the site of cancer cells and destroys the ability of the cancer cells to grow.
It is the main treatment for NHL.

2. Radiation Therapy
Radiation therapy is destroying the cancer cells with the help of high energy beam X-rays, protons or electrons. Usually, in NHL, the radiation is provided by the machine from outside the body.

3. Stem Cell Transplantation
The highly specialized cells from bone marrow or bloodstream, called hematopoietic cells are used for treatment. For HL patients, chemotherapy, in combination with stem cell transplantation is used as a treatment plan in severe conditions.

4. Immunotherapy
In immunotherapy, the effector cells or molecules from the body or made in the laboratory are used to boost the immune system of the body.
The duration of the treatment depends on the severity of the condition.
The treatment method is determined by the doctor after a series of clinical tests.
Once diagnosed with oral lymphoma, regular doctor consultations and proper treatment should be followed.

Abdominoplasty before and after: Everything You Need to Know

Abdominoplasty before and after: Everything You Need to Know

Abdominoplasty also is known as a “tummy tuck” is the clinical process that is aimed at correcting either an abdomen with excess fat or a protruding abdomen which makes the skin to be stretched more than it’s supposed to be. Stress and weight gain from pregnancy in women and obesity with sudden or active weight loss can cause the overstretching of the skin, making tummy tuck an ideal plastic surgery to bring back your body contour. Here is what you should consider with abdominoplasty before and after if you are to go through the surgery.

Abdominoplasty before and after: Before the procedure

Consider your general health status

Before taking the initiative of performing an abdominoplasty, make sure that you consult a doctor on your health status so that you can be informed on what is best for you. It’s recommended that with a good physical condition with an excess of the loose abdomen, loose skin or excessive fat that can’t respond to dieting or physical activity you are an eligible candidate.

Know the types of abdominoplasty

You can choose a mini or a complete procedure type of abdominoplasty.

Abdominoplasty before and after surgeryMini-abdominoplasty
This is horizontal incision whereby the loose muscles and skin are tightened to the navel and excess of it is removed. The remaining skin is then put back in place. Mini-abdominoplasty does not include the removal of the navel and the lower abdomen.

Full tummy or complete tuck abdominoplasty
Complete tuck abdominoplasty involves two incisions. One, across the lower abdomen just above the pubic area and another incision around the belly button. Complete abdominoplasty provides you with a firmer abdominal wall and a waistline because the skin flap is further stretched down and then it’s stitched in place.


Abdominoplasty before and after: After the procedure

Your expectations after the tummy tuck surgery should depend on the type of abdominoplasty that you have chosen. Recovery can vary from one patient to another. In the first few days, you will feel like your stomach is swollen which is pretty natural after every surgery. However, with a rapid recovery plan, your discomfort can be controlled through medication.

Scars developed during the process will disappear with time although it may not disappear completely, those in the abdomen aren’t noticeable because they easily fade away during the healing process.

Research has shown that patients with a good physical condition return to their normal within a range of 3-4 days after abdominoplasty. It’s important for you to ensure that liposuction of the tummy is done correctly to avoid “corrections” because too much removal of excess skin is not also good. Be sure to arrange a descent consultation before taking any step.

Stages of bladder cancer: All there is to know

Stages of bladder cancer: All there is to know

Bladder cancer is one of the types of disease that is not easily detected and diagnosed. Typical symptoms of bladder cancer are painful urination or unfruitful urination at all. Blood in the urine makes it appear dark red amber in color. Additional tests are needed to determine the presence of any stages of bladder cancer. After testing and diagnosing bladder cancer, it is still best to contact an expert because treatment options differ from the stage of cancer and the immune system of any particular individual.

Carcinoma in situations is usually the primary stage of bladder cancer. At this stage, the cancer cells are placed in the bladder lining. An internal examination will show if there is tissue swelling after the removal of cancer. Several types of treatment can be given to the patient if there was no swelling such as cystoscope to remove cancer cells. Below are the stages of bladder cancer.


Stages of bladder cancer

Stage 1

The first stage of bladder cancer is said to occur when malignant cancer cells spread to the bladder mucosa. The bladder cancer survival rate is relatively high at about 85% at this stage. Radiotherapy is the best treatment options for patients at this stage. This involves the use of radio waves to kill cancer cells. Surgery removal of the infected part can also be done.


Stages of bladder cancer patient

Stage 2

This stage of bladder cancer occurs when malignant tumor cells spread and infect bladder tissue parts. The bladder cancer survival rate at this stage is reduced significantly to about 65% survival chance. At this stage, surgery may need to be operated to the patient to remove the infected bladder and other organs


Stage 3

This stage of bladder cancer occurs when the tumor also begins to infect tissues around the bladder. For the treatment of a growing tumor, Chemotherapy may be administered to the patient since it is a very aggressive treatment option. At this stage, survival chances are reduced to about 45%.

Stage 4

Bladder cancer occurs when cells from a malignant tumor grow to extent of affecting other systems in the body. At this stage, the percentage of cancer survival rate declines to about 15%.

Nasal polyps natural treatment

Nasal polyps natural treatment

Nasal polyps are brown or yellowish swellings that form at the internal lining of the nose. They are noncancerous and painless but so harmful as they block paranasal sinuses causing infections and breathing problems. You might want to know what other symptoms of nasal polyps are. You might be curious and ask, “Can nasal polyps cause headache?” Read this article to find out more.

Research has found out that children, especially those suffering from cystic fibrosis, are more prone to polyps. However, it affects adults as well. It can, therefore, affect anyone regardless of age.    

There are two types of nasal polyps. The antrochoanal polyps that form at the maxillary sinuses, and the ethmoidal polyps that form at the ethmoidal sinuses.    

Nasal polyps natural treatment

1: Hot water stream

Inhalation of the hot water stream is an effective remedy to nasal polyps. Steam opens up the passage around the nasal cavities and dries up the blocked mucus. This facilitates quick healing of the polyps.    

2: Salt and water solution  

This solution is an effective therapy to nasal polyps as it reduces swelling. The solution also speeds up the coordination of Cilia causing the removal of all allergens in the cavities.    

3: Fatty acids 

nasal polyps natural treatment

They are essential fats found in fish, nuts or chia seeds. They are anti-inflammatory agents which when consumed they effectively cure swellings.    

4: Garlic     

Garlic is an antioxidant as well as an antiseptic substance. It reduces swelling and fights bacterial infections.    

5: Apple vinegar    

Apple vinegar is a strong antiseptic agent. It is an effective remedy to nasal polyps as it breaks down the mucus accumulated in the nasal cavities and fight infections.    

It is believed that men are more prone to nasal polyps than women. This is a fact, and a myth as well since further studies have shown that polyps can affect anyone regardless of age or gender. Polyps have no specific symptoms and so not easy for a patient to recognize it. However, they have general symptoms like blocked running nose, difficulties in breathing, itchy eyes, severe headache and facial pains among others. Upon these symptoms, visit a specialist to avoid further complication.

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