Benefits of Dry Needling

Benefits of Dry Needling

Also known as intramuscular stimulation (IMS), dry needling is a form of treatment that involves inserting the needle into a trigger point of the muscle. By using the same thin needles used in acupuncture, skilled physiotherapists directly target the trigger points that normally cause pain throughout the body. For instance, dry needling for neck pain is proven to be helpful in decreasing pain and increasing motion for patients.

According to practitioners, the needle will help in relieving any muscle spasms or pain. While the needles will remain in your skin for short time, the total duration depends on the practitioner. Some dry needle techniques are also aimed at treating broader landscape. Instead of inserting the needles at the point of pain these techniques target the areas around the point of pain. Here are some of the benefits of dry needling

Benefits

Relieves pain and muscle tightness

What makes dry needling one of the most effective techniques is that it targets trigger points. For instance, if you are suffering from neck or shoulder pain, the practitioner will insert the needles directly into the trigger points. This will release tension, reduce inflammation, and minimize the pressure that has caused pain.

benefits of dry needling

It relaxes tight muscles

Since physiotherapists can identify the trigger points, they use this technique to help relax tight muscles. Although the mechanism is not fully understood, it’s believed that it alters the electrical activity and effectively reset the muscles back to normal.

It speeds up recovery

Anytime you are injured the longest and the worst part is the process of recovery. With dry needling technique, you can experience quick pain relief through an improved range of motion. As compared to other treatment options, this will also speed up the process of recovery.

Improved blood flow

By seeking out the trigger points dry needling relaxes the muscles and improves your blood flow.

Risks

While dry needling is normally considered safe a person is at risk of contracting blood-borne diseases if the practitioner uses non sterilized needles. Other risks associated with it include

•Bleeding at the sites.
•Temporary soreness.
•Bruising around the sites.

Facts About Tonsil Cancer

Facts About Tonsil Cancer

Lymphoma refers to a type of cancer originating from lymphocyte (cells circulating in the lymphatic system). After affecting the tonsils, then it’s termed as tonsil lymphoma or tonsil cancer.

As per the U.S. National Institutes of Health, lymphomas make up for about 5% of all cases of cancer in the United States. Traditionally, lymphoma is classified as Hodgkin’s lymphoma and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma that used to include all the other types. Modern classifications of lymphoma are much more complex and sophisticated.

The lymphatic system is part of the body’s immune system, and hence individuals with a weakened immune system as a result of HIV infection or from certain medication are seen to have a higher incidence of lymphoma.

Cancer of the tonsil accounts for nearly 0.6% of malignant cancers in the United States every year. It’s generally difficult to diagnose this disease as the symptoms are quite delayed in their onset. Lymphoma is the second most common type of tonsil malignancy and is usually manifested as a submucosal mass in an asymmetrically enlarged tonsil. Patients are usually seen with a large mass in the oropharynx, and a swollen neck mass and complain of pain and weight loss. Cigarette smoking, heavy drinking, tobacco chewing and exposure to harmful UV radiation are considered the common risk factors for the disease.

Facts About Tonsil CancerLymphoma that is limited to the tonsil is treated with radiation, whereas if the disease is widespread, then it requires chemotherapy. In certain stages of lymphoma, it’s advisable to have surgery for removal of the malignancy followed by chemotherapy. So the treatment depends on stages.

It’s imperative that routine follow-up care of patients with tonsil cancer is done, as the risk of developing a second primary tumor is highest in this group. Studies have shown that patients suffering from tonsil cancer have a high 30% risk of developing it a second time.

Signs And Symptoms Of Salivary Gland Tumors

Signs And Symptoms Of Salivary Gland Tumors

The word salivary gland is used to collectively describe a large group of organs in the mouth and throat. The primary purpose of these glands is the secretion of saliva. Saliva is a mixture of water, mucous membranes, antibacterial agents and enzymes of most mammals. This substance begins to break down starch and fat, which initiates the process of digestion with chewing. They can start in the mouth, neck or throat glands. The salivary glands produce saliva that aids in absorption maintains moisture in the mouth and supports healthy teeth.

The tumors of the salivary glands are usually in the form of swelling in the affected organs, which may not be present for a long time or not. The tumor can be blocked with symptoms of blockage of the tube. Generally, in the early stage, benign and malignant tumors cannot be isolated. The participation of nerves is one of the main symptoms of transfer of fetal development. For example, the signs of facial nerve damage are associated with fatal parotid tumors. Pain and transmission in the face are often also related to deadly tumors. Other symptoms of the red disease, which may suggest lethality and additional investigations, which cover the skin of the mucous membrane, are involved in the correction of the nodule when it is due to ulcerations and stiffness.

Salivary Gland TumorsSalivary glands a tumor may have these symptoms.

  • A swelling on or near your jaw or in your neck or mouth
  • Numbness in part of your face
  • Excessive pain around the salivary gland.
  • Difficulty swallowing

Risk factor’s

The factors that increase the risk of salivary gland tumors are:

Old age

Although tumors of the salivary glands can occur at any age, they are the most common among older people.

Exposure to radiation.

Radiation, such as that used to treat head and neck cancer, increases the risk of tumors of the salivary glands.

Exposure to the workplace by some substances.

People who work with certain substances may increase the risk of developing tumors in the salivary glands. Workplaces related to salivary gland tumors include those involved in the production of rubber, asbestos, mining, and plumbing establishments.

Pharyngitis – Is It Contagious?

Pharyngitis – Is It Contagious?

Inflammation of the pharynx, present at the back of the throat, is called pharyngitis. Many people refer to it as a sore throat too. Pharyngitis can commonly result in pain, discomfort or scratchiness in the throat, but can also cause painful swallowing in some individuals. In fact, pharyngitis-induced sore throat is one of the most common reasons for doctor visits in the United States.

What Causes Pharyngitis?

Pharyngitis is mostly caused by a viral infection such as influenza, mononucleosis or the common cold. If it is caused by a viral infection, an antibiotic does not cure the problem but only relieves the symptoms. The viral infection completes its course and the symptoms go away in a week or so. However, when Pharyngitis is caused by a bacterial infection such as a strep throat, antibiotics are needed for treatment.

What are the Symptoms?

Symptoms accompanying pharyngitis can vary depending on what the underlying issue has been. When common cold and flu leads to pharyngitis, the following symptoms can occur:
  • Sneezing and coughing
  • Runny nose
  • Chills and fever
  • Headache and body ache
  • Fatigue.

If the underlying problem is mononucleosis, in addition to the above, symptoms can also include rashes, loss of appetite and swollen lymph nodes.

In rare cases where pharyngitis is caused by a bacterial infection, symptoms are:

  • Fever and chills
  • Nausea
  • Loss of appetite
  • General malaise
  • Difficulty in swallowing
  • Red, patchy throat
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Bad taste in the mouth.

Is Pharyngitis Contagious?

People are worried whether pharyngitis can spread from one person to another. The answer is yes – pharyngitis caused by a viral or bacterial infection is contagious and can easily be transmitted from one to another. Sometimes it can also be caused by a toxin or an allergy and in those cases, pharyngitis is not contagious.

Simple measures like the ones below can help prevent the spread of Pharyngitis.

  • Avoid sharing drinks, food and eating utensils (if possible) with the patient.
  • Avoid kissing.
  • Avoid using contaminated items such as towels, clothing and brushes.
  • Keep alcohol-based sanitizers handy at all times to prevent the spread of germs.
  • Wash your hands many times a day, especially before and after eating. Don’t forget to brush your teeth after eating. To find out more information on how to care for your oral health, visit Evergreen Dental Clinic in Chatswood to receive some advice and guides by just clicking on the link.

Conclusionpharyngitis-checkup

Pharyngitis can be treated at home without any antibiotics as it is mostly caused by a viral infection. However, visiting your doctor can ensure that the underlying problem is not a bacterial infection, in which case treatment is important. If you’re suffering from a sore throat for more than a week or have developed rashes, a visit to your doctor for a thorough check-up is a good idea.

Leading Causes Of Death In Australia

Leading Causes Of Death In Australia

The expectancy of life in Australia seems to be among the highest in the world. As per some study Australia came third in the statistics of life expectancy. In the year 2015 the average life expectancy was estimated around 79 years in case of males and 85 years for females.

But there has been several causes leading to deaths in Australia. In 2011 one of the leading causes of death in Australia were known to be cerebrovascular disease, heart disease, Alzheimer disease and dementia along with bronchial, trachea and lung infected cancers and obstructive chronic pulmonary disease. Almost half of the leading causes of death in Australia is related to chronic condition like cancer, heart disease.

Another cause which is growing fast in Australia as chronic illness is diabetes. It is reported that 100,000 new cases approximately comes to news every year. Studies have revealed one Australian in every five minutes on an average is found affected with type 2 diabetes.

Cigarette smoking is another leading causes of death in Australia, but when you compare it with rest of the world, it is around 16% and found one of the lowest in the world. Smoking can have negative effects on our bodies, as we are all aware of it. Especially to our dental health. It’s a good idea to have your teeth checked up by a professional more frequently if you are a smoker. You can visit this dentistry site in Burwood for more information.

Cigarette Smoking

No Surprise Here.

Moreover non-communicable chronic diseases has been accounting for greater proportions of deaths in Australia than infectious diseases. In the OECD Australia has been ranked fifth in the highest obesity rate. Statistics show almost one third of adult population is overweight and another one third is obese and 57% of the population is not in the habit of doing enough exercise.

Health statistics of Australia have recently shared that chronic diseases like heart strokes and heart diseases particularly reflecting affluent lifestyle has been found to be a leading causes of death in Australia. Also Australians having majorly fair skin are more prone to skin diseases like cancer because of severe exposure to UV light and 80% of all diagnosed cancers is that of skin, much more than that in the US or Canada.

Different Oral Cancer Screening Procedures

Different Oral Cancer Screening Procedures

Cases of oral cancer have increased recently. Precious lives can be saved with early detection of oral cancer through different oral cancer screening procedures. This post briefly discusses different oral cancer screening procedures.

Procedures Used For Screening of Oral Cancers.

Four oral cancer screenings are used for early detection of cancer. When you notice presence of lesions in the mouth of the patient, below procedures can be used for detecting abnormal tissues which might become cancerous.

Brush Biopsy


In these screening procedures, the removal of cells is done using a brush. The brush is precisely designed for collecting cells from all the layers of a lesion. All the collected cells are viewed under a microscope to find out if they are cancerous.

Exfoliative Cytology

Exfoliative Cytology

Exfoliative Cytology – Small Cell Carcinoma

This screening procedure is used for the collection of cells from the oral cavity or the lip. For gently scraping cells from the lips, a piece of small wooden stick, cotton or brush is used in this screening procedure. To determine if they are abnormal, the cells are viewed under a microscope.

Fluorescence Staining

In this screening procedure, collected cells are viewed using a special light. Normal tissues look different from abnormal tissues when viewed under the light with a fluorescent mouth rinse.

Toluidine Blue Stain

In these oral cancer screenings, a mouth of the patient is coated with a blue dye. Areas of the stain darker than others are more likely to be abnormal or cancerous cells.

Possible Risks Associated With Oral Cancer Screening

Prior having any screening examination for detection of oral cancer, it is recommended that the patient must discuss the test with his/her doctor as not all the screening tests for oral cancer are helpful and some of them may involve inherent risks.

False-Negative Test Outcomes

This may appear to be normal even though oral cavity is present. So, false negative results may result in delayed medical care as it shows there is no cancer or abnormal cell when it is.

Misdiagnosis Can Occur

For the purpose of diagnosing oral cancer, a biopsy procedure is recommended by cancer specialists. For checking the signs of cancer, tissues are removed from the oral cavity and viewed under an advanced microscope.

False-Positive Test Results

Results appear to be abnormal even though the patient is not cancer positive. It can lead to anxiety and is normally accompanied by more screening/testing procedures such as biopsy.

Dental hygiene can affect that too. Dentists can do brush tests to see abnormal growth on your mouth. Suspect dental implants can cause you heaps of trouble so choose a credible dental clinic that offers tooth implants.

What To Consider When Choosing A Hospice For Skin Cancer Check

What To Consider When Choosing A Hospice For Skin Cancer Check

Cancer is among the common killer disease in most countries. It attacks various organs and is thus necessary to undergo a check regularly. It’s specifically necessary for those coming from families with a history of the condition. You can click here to learn more about cancer. Consider the points below when looking for a facility for a Skin cancer check.    

Assess the doctors.

Every hospital has various kinds of staff, the most significant being the doctors and nurses. Individuals seeking to do the scanning ought to ensure the people handling their case are professionals who hold the right qualification.    

Check the availability of equipment.

skin cancer check

For effective work, experts must have the right facilities. The important thing to have here is scanning equipment. Seek to know if they are available and in perfect working condition.    

Consider the cost.

The amount of cash to pay for the screening is of concern. People will only go to a facility which they can afford. Ask in advance about the pay and see if it’s within your ability.    

Look at the distance.

The ideal case is finding a hospital that is close to your residence. It’s not important to travel for long since it will mean an additional cost. If there are hospices that are nearby, give them the priority.    

Research about the hospital.

It’s important to have all the details concerning the facility from where to get the service. The information to gather includes its services and achievements. Make the center having a reputation on cancerous treatments your choice.    

Finding the right facility for treatment is the first step towards recovery. Not all the time a person will visit a hospital for treatment since there are other needs such as doing a checkup. In any case, one ought to be careful in the selection since the quality of services offered differs. The guidelines above are useful when seeking to find a center for a Skin cancer check.

Squamous cell carcinoma prognosis

Squamous cell carcinoma prognosis

In general, for the squamous cell carcinoma, the survival rate is high. It is also important to note that no two people with the same condition are alike. Hence the prognosis which is presented for this condition will depend on each patient’s individual health condition.

If you want to know more about this topic, Visit our website here…

If these cancers are caught early, the condition can be cured early and will have minimal damage. If the squamous cell carcinoma spreads to the nearby lymph nodes, it can still be effectively treated by a combination of surgery and radiation treatment. However, if the condition is left untreated, the tumor grows and will become more dangerous. If they are left untreated, they can spread and become life-threatening.

For this particular Cancer, a cure is possible mostly in cases when the cancer is detected at an early stage. But it’s important to keep checking for the possibility of the Cancer to be back. Hence it is advised that the patients check for Cancer at regular intervals.     

It is important for the patient to take some precautions to make sure that effective treatment is immediately taken. Some of the important steps which the patient needs to take to improve the squamous cell carcinoma prognosis are:

Performing self-examinations from head to toe is important. Even the areas that are not regularly exposed to the sun rays needs to be checked by the individuals. 

It’s important to see a Doctor for a Professional cancer examination.  

squamous cell carcinoma prognosis

The patients also need to avoid being exposed to the sun’s rays. These include wearing sunglasses, brimmed hat or wearing covered clothing by the use of the broad-spectrum sunscreen.  

Also, the patients also need to stop using indoor tanning beds. Those tanning beds are generally not recommended to anyone.

Most importantly the patients need not be scared of the condition. Proper treatment and a healthy lifestyle can effectively cure the disease.

Everything You Need to Know About Sore Throat Swollen Lymph Nodes

Everything You Need to Know About Sore Throat Swollen Lymph Nodes

More than 13 million people visit the doctor’s office with throat pain each year. This pain ranges from mild to excruciating and is usually due to a sore throat. A sore throat is mostly caused by environmental factors such as air dryness or infections which can be viral or bacterial. 

A sore throat is commonly characterized by dryness of the throat, scratchy feeling, and pain. In most cases, a sore throat clears away by itself or with a home remedy. However, in cases of infections like ones caused by streptococcus bacteria, you might want to know how to prevent swelling and bleeding which causes pain and inflammation.    

Whenever you have an infection, your immune system responds to fight off the infection. Sore throat swollen lymph nodes result from a build of the white blood cells in the lymph node.     

The lymph nodes have lymphocyte cells which are the white blood cells responsible for defending your body. In case of an infection, your body produces a lot of white blood cells. They are sent to the lymph node near an infection and thus the swelling. Once done with their mission, the lymph nodes then shrink back to their normal size.     

While a sore throat is mostly as a result of allergies such as hay fever, flu virus and cold, it can be a symptom of a more serious disease or condition. Rarely, swollen lymph nodes may indicate a more severe condition such as HIV and cancer.    

Seek immediate medical help if the swollen lymph nodes are accompanied by other symptoms such as:     

sore throat swollen lymph nodes
  • Night Sweats  
  • Fatigue  
  • Difficulty breathing  
  • Sudden weight loss  
  • If your lymph nodes are hard on touch and do not move
  • Rapidly growing lymph nodes 
  • A fever that lasts long
  • Reddening and inflammation of the skin over the swollen lymph node
  • If the swelling of the lymph node persists for more than two weeks
  • The lymph nodes swell on the lower neck or close to your collar bone

Although a sore throat can sometimes clear by its own, it’s imperative to seek medical attention especially when it’s accompanied by swollen lymph nodes.

Recommended weight loss tips for men

Recommended weight loss tips for men

We all know the basics when it comes to weight loss tips for men. Just get on a good diet, exercise enough, and drink plenty of water. If it were only that easy, right? Well, here’re a few tips that will help you lose weight that is a little more specific. 

Getting rid of the excess fat in our body is not easy. Every person who wants to lose weight has different reasons and methods they use to achieve their goal. If you want to know these other weight loss method, visit http://drtummytuckmelbourne.com.au/.

Understanding Muscle Mass 

One thing to understand about weight loss diets for men is that more muscle means more calories burned. That’s why a lot of men do strength training, and we highly recommend it if you like to exercise. Muscles make your metabolism work harder, which means you will burn calories and fat at a faster rate. 

Cutting off Food Consumption 

Cutting off your food consumption can almost provide “instant” weight loss. There are a lot of us who enjoy eating before we go to bed or waking up for that midnight snack. This is the fast track to gaining weight, but if you set a time between 6 and 8 pm to stop eating anything, you see the benefits. 

Take in a lot of water  

Take in water instead of drinks that are filled with calories, sugar and artificial sweeteners, such as soda. Water is said to have a property that helps get rid of waste materials and toxins that may bring harm to the human body. In addition, water is basically cheaper than that can of soda or even that bottle of beer. 

weight loss tips for men

Get some exercise  

Getting fit as well as active can go well with losing weight. Having regular exercise can boost your body’s metabolic rate. A boost in the body’s metabolic level means it can burn more calories. What this simply means is that calories get burned more often. To simplify further, exercise means higher metabolism and more calories get burned. Additionally, exercise can also help you achieve a more physically fit body. 

Keeping Track of it all 

One of the best weight loss tips for men is to make sure you keep track of what you consume. Even if it’s a bag of chips, you got at the vending machine at work. So grab a calendar, planner, or even a journal and keep it with you at all times and write down everything.

Signs of Head and Neck Cancer

Signs of Head and Neck Cancer

Head and neck cancer normally affect areas such as the ear, throat, nose, sinuses, voice box or even the mouth. Sometimes, your doctor may recommend a specific surgical treatment depending on the type and stage of your head and neck cancer. Medical tools to be used are sterilized using a machine like the one’s at https://www.criticaldental.com.au to prevent infection from spreading to other areas of the body.

As to the symptoms and signs of head and neck cancer, in most cases they usually rely on the place where cancer begins to develop/grow. For instance, tumors either in the pharynx or larynx may be identified as a blob in your throat. Mouth cancer may lead to the production of sores in the oral cavity or even swelling in your jaw. Head and neck cancer may also generate conditions that are not serious such as common cold in your nose. You may also experience changes in your voice, cough, sore throat, severe headaches and this could also be signs of throat cancer. More pain in your ears may also be associated with neck and head cancers.

Among the most common signs of head and neck cancer includes the following.

• A bolb in your nose, throat or neck, without or with much pain
• A persistent and consistent sore throat
• Swallowing difficulties
• Weight loss that is unexplained
• Persistent coughing
• Hoarseness or change in your voice
• Severe headaches
• A white or red patch in your oral cavity
• Unexplained poor breath by hygiene
• Persistent congestion or nasal obstruction
• Unusual discharge or persistent nose bleed
• Breathing difficulties
• Double vision
• Jaw pain
• Teeth loosening
• Weakness in body parts around the neck and head
• Unfit dentures
Ear pain or infection
• Fatigue

signs of head and neck cancer

It is always advisable to consult your doctor when you notice peculiar changes in your body especially on the parts around head and neck. The doctor may help you diagnose the problem(s) and eventually advice you accordingly. Giving a clear description of your signs and symptoms to your will serve as an important factor in determining how your disease can be treated.

Oral side effects of radiation therapy for head and neck cancers

Oral side effects of radiation therapy for head and neck cancers

Apparently, radiation therapy is applied during the treatment of various types of cancers. This is because it aids in eliminating the cancerous cells found in the body of a cancer patient. During the treatment, radiation is concentrated on the affected area which may also fall on the adjacent cells. Due to this, some side effects including tooth decay which may lead to tooth loss can happen. However, a cosmetic dentist can easily mend it for you by providing you with different tooth replacement options. Consult your dentist for more information.

The side effects of radiation therapy vary depending on:

• Its area of application
• Type of cancer
• Radiation therapy dosage
• Patient’s general health

Usually, some patients experience acute side effects, others minimal while others experience none at all. These side effects mostly manifest during the 2nd or 3rd week of treatment and they may last for even weeks after the last treatment day.

The oral side effects of radiation therapy for head and neck cancers include:

• A dry mouth that results when the salivary glands get affected
• Mouth and gum sores induced by excess radiation on the oral noncancerous cells
Difficulty in swallowing due to the affected cells on the throat
• The stiffness of the jaw that results after damaging the cells that support the jaw
• Nausea that’s caused by the irritation of the alimentary canal
• Tooth decay due to the radiation rays that reaches the buccal cavity. Usually, the radiation goes to the extent of damaging the root cavity thus causing tooth decay.
• A Swelling on the lymph nodes that leads to a condition known as lymphedema

side effects of radiation therapy for head and neck cancers

Most of these side effects vanish when you finalize the treatment although a patient may develop long term side effect even after treatment. Despite that the chances are minimal, a second phase cancer on the affected area(s) may reappear. Therefore, before the radiation therapy is commenced, it’s crucial for a patient to inquire from a physician on the expected side effects. Also, during the treatment, a walk on the journey of cancer with a practitioner sharing all the side effects been experienced is advised.


How to have big beautiful breast

How to have big beautiful breast

Breast is a symbol of beauty to most women, and there is no shame if you want to have a big beautiful breast. Although breast size is determined by genes, hormones and body size, there are different methods such as breast enhancement surgery that can help you enlarge your breast.

Below are some of the method you can use to enlarge your breast.

1.  Surgical procedure

This is the most effective and fast way to have your breast enlarged. It involves the use of implants or fat transfer to enlarge the breast. This method though comes with its own risk and cost that you should first consider.

2.  Massage

Having your breast massaged will stretch out the breast tissues and improve blood circulation. This will make your breast appear big and improve the overall health of the breast.

3.  Eat a good diet

Healthy foods have impacts on the body, including breast. Taking food with nutrient will see your breast size improve

big beautiful breast

4.  Wear the right bra

The kind of bra you wear determines how your breast size will appear. Having a good bra that does not let your breast hang, will make them look big. A padded bra is another choice you can opt for as they make the breast appear large.

5.  Exercise

Do the right exercises that help to enlarge the breast. These are arm presses, chest presses, and modified push-ups .having this exercise daily will see some improvement on your breast.

6.  Use Olive oil

Use of olive oil has many benefits to the body and is considered effective for breast enlargement. Having your breast massaged with this oil will make it look firm and soft. 

Natural ways of breast enhancement are considered the safest way. You will need to have some consistency for you to see the result. Stick to the method you choose long enough, and you will get the result. If you are not that patient enough, you can then opt for a surgical procedure which is more quick and fast.

Gene Therapy Process for Head and Neck Cancer Patients

Gene Therapy Process for Head and Neck Cancer Patients

It involves the administering of drugs that alter the genetic instructions in cells. They either replace the missing and the abnormal genes or kills them depending on the therapy used without affecting the surrounding non-malignant cells. If you want to learn other treatment for head and neck cancer, visit the site.

Gene therapy process for Head and Neck cancer patients can be done using the following: 

Oncolytic Virotherapy

Involves viruses that replicate in and kills cancer cells. In this kind of therapy, adenoviruses are used as vectors to deliver drugs. The Virus lacks viral E1B protein in which it ensures the protein cannot replicate in healthy cells. It’s normally combined with chemotherapy for better results. 

Addition Gene Therapy

Here, inactivation of cancer cells is done, by introducing tumor suppressor genes. The most commonly used suppressor is p53 gene.  

Suicide Gene Therapy

In this approach, a non-toxic compound is transformed into a lethal drug. It’s done by introducing the compound into the tumor cells of a bacterial/viral gene. It’s also known as gene-directed enzyme prodrug therapy.  

Immunotherapy

gene theraphy process

This is introducing a gene in one’s body to help fight cancer. In the head and cancer patients, it’s done by administering cytokines an example; IL2 that leads to the production of TNF alpha- which is a tumor growth inhibitor.  

Antisense RNA Therapy

This method of therapy is done by introducing antisense RNA which inhibits the RNA. RNA is complementary to the DNA; thus the tumor growth gene is controlled by them.  

Monitoring the Therapy

Upon application of any of the above therapies, assessing is done using cross-sectional imaging to assess the effect on the tumor especially changes in its size.  

All the above-mentioned strategies use an in vivo approach since the tumor is accessible to direct injection. Currently, the research for the best vector and method of administering therapy for long-lasting effect on long-term patients is still on-going. Though each of them has its own limitations, there is hope for better results in the future for head and neck patients.

Head and neck cancer radiation long term side effects

Head and neck cancer radiation long term side effects

Even though a head and neck cancer radiation is one of the most effective ways to handle cancer cells, it comes with a lot of side effects. Some head and neck cancer radiation long term side effects may still be easy to manage though. For instance, a radiation therapy that involves the head and neck has affects on the developing adult teeth that lie within the jawbone. This will cause an eruption of teeth in an abnormal alignment (teeth may be crooked). But with the help of aligners from Wondersmile Australia it can easily be mended. However, other side effects can be an extreme case.

The effects may begin immediately you are subjected to cancer radiation or may take some time. It can highly depend on the radiation technique and dose used for the process. When the head and the neck are directly involved, this may mean the cells have spread in the area within the head and the neck. When radiation targets the neck and the head, it may affect the normal tissues leading to some of the side effects that may be experienced.

Radiation on the neck may affect the salivary gland which is located on both sides of the neck. The long term effect will interfere with the production of saliva leading dry mouth which may cause a lot of discomfort during eating and speaking. Your dental care is likely to be affected due to the reduced saliva supply since it’s the saliva that helps in bacteria killing. When radiation is done frequently on the neck, it can easily interfere with the tissues located within the mount and around the throat. The whole process may lead to swelling around the neck after which may later require surgery to eliminate this and this can worsen the condition.

Head head and neck cancer radiation long term side effects

Different technological changes have been deployed to help handle head and neck cancer radiation long term side effects. Proton therapy and the IMRT are some of the latest improvements that will work in the recovery process to achieve full restoration. During cancer radiation, the functionality of the thyroid is monitored after the treatment is completed before the use of hormones is suggested for patients.

Salivary gland cancer

Salivary gland cancer

Cancer of salivary gland is a malignant tumor of tissues that produce saliva. Cancer begins when the cells in the body become abnormal and start to multiply without control or order. These cells form a growth of tissue called a tumor which can be benign or malignant. Usually, a benign tumor isn’t cancerous and can be removed without growing back while a malignant tumor is cancerous which can invade and damage the healthy tissues and organs in the body. 

The most cancerous tumors in the body begin in the largest of the salivary gland which is a parotid gland that is found on either side of the face, in front of the ears as well as submandibular glands which are found under the jawbone. This cancer can also begin in the minor salivary glands. About 80 percent in the parotid gland and about half of the tumors in the submandibular gland are noncancerous while almost always malignant in the sublingual gland tumors. If you experience any symptoms listed below, book an appointment to see a doctor.

Symptoms  

salivary gland cancer

Patient with salivary gland cancer may experience facial numbness, lump on face, neck or mouth, facial muscles movement instability, different between the size and shape of the left and right sides of the face or neck and pain or swelling in the chin, face, around the jawbone or neck. 

Diagnosis  

The doctor uses many tests for diagnosing cancer and determining if it has spread. There are certain tests that determine which treatment are the most effective. Fine needle aspiration cytology (biopsy) is the preferred method to examine salivary gland tumor diagnosis.  

Factors involve while considering a diagnostic test include age, medical condition, the severity of symptoms, type of cancer and the results of the previous tests. A medical history and physical exam will be done carefully to identify the potential risk factors. No specific blood tests or urine tests can detect the salivary gland tumor. 

The following tests are used to diagnose salivary gland cancer- endoscopy, fine needle aspiration, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT) scan, positron emission tomography (PET) scan and ultrasound.

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