Reconstructive Surgery for Head and Neck Cancer Treatment

Reconstructive Surgery for Head and Neck Cancer Treatment

Surgery is a medical term that implies manual treatment of diseases and/or injuries through cutting injured and affected body part or incision using instruments and times using therapy machine. Surgery can be classified according to its purpose. A person can opt to undergo Plastic surgery for an aesthetic reason while others undergo surgery as treatment from their disease.

Surgery for cancer treatment aims at killing and clearing tumors. Tumors are cancerous cells which are known for uncontrolled multiplication. Tumors can be benign or malignant with the latter being more dangerous

Reconstructive surgery as part of cancer treatment is done to replenish and reestablish usual appearance and functioning of the then affected part and organ of the body. It’s mainly done to protect vital structures by covering them after the operation to minimize the visibility of the left behind wound or scar. It involves bringing back the wound to normal and improving on the healing time.

Reconstructive surgery for head and neck cancer treatment has become part of cancer treatment. The process is done by transfer of tissues to the cut part that might have been left open during the operation when trying to reach the tumor. The quantity and massive of the tissue transferred depends on the size of the tumor that was being aimed and thus the variations.

reconstructive surgery

Small tumors mostly require small openings in order to reach the tumor and large ones requiring relatively larger openings. In order to protect the mouth and neck after a surgery involving the body parts, a flap is transferred to the cut region using a free radial artery flap. There are many different flaps and tissues that can be used depending on the affected area.

Protecting vital structures involves creating a distinction between sensitive organs and those that are not very sensitive such as the brains and nose respectively. Sometimes the operation may affect the normal body function such as breathing, chewing and swallowing and thus require this post-surgery process. The process is also useful in bringing back one’s appearance and normal interaction with family and friends without fear of looking deformed after a surgery that affects the face.

Benefits of Dry Needling

Benefits of Dry Needling

Also known as intramuscular stimulation (IMS), dry needling is a form of treatment that involves inserting the needle into a trigger point of the muscle. By using the same thin needles used in acupuncture, skilled physiotherapists directly target the trigger points that normally cause pain throughout the body. For instance, dry needling for neck pain is proven to be helpful in decreasing pain and increasing motion for patients.

According to practitioners, the needle will help in relieving any muscle spasms or pain. While the needles will remain in your skin for short time, the total duration depends on the practitioner. Some dry needle techniques are also aimed at treating broader landscape. Instead of inserting the needles at the point of pain these techniques target the areas around the point of pain. Here are some of the benefits of dry needling


Relieves pain and muscle tightness

What makes dry needling one of the most effective techniques is that it targets trigger points. For instance, if you are suffering from neck or shoulder pain, the practitioner will insert the needles directly into the trigger points. This will release tension, reduce inflammation, and minimize the pressure that has caused pain.

benefits of dry needling

It relaxes tight muscles

Since physiotherapists can identify the trigger points, they use this technique to help relax tight muscles. Although the mechanism is not fully understood, it’s believed that it alters the electrical activity and effectively reset the muscles back to normal.

It speeds up recovery

Anytime you are injured the longest and the worst part is the process of recovery. With dry needling technique, you can experience quick pain relief through an improved range of motion. As compared to other treatment options, this will also speed up the process of recovery.

Improved blood flow

By seeking out the trigger points dry needling relaxes the muscles and improves your blood flow.


While dry needling is normally considered safe a person is at risk of contracting blood-borne diseases if the practitioner uses non sterilized needles. Other risks associated with it include

•Bleeding at the sites.
•Temporary soreness.
•Bruising around the sites.

Know About Breast Cancer Treatment

Know About Breast Cancer Treatment

Have you recently been diagnosed with breast cancer? Not sure where to go next or what breast cancer treatment is available? We will have a look at what breast cancer treatment options are available so you can be more informed as to what is out there.   

The good news is there are several different options such as complex breast surgery or therapy that you can choose from. These options include the following:    

  • Radiotherapy 
  • Hormone Therapy  
  • Chemotherapy  
  • Surgery  
  • Targeted Therapy  
  • Neoadjuvant Therapy     

The best treatment for the first stage of breast cancer is surgery. The purpose of surgery is to kill as many cancer cells as possible from the breast. Cancer will then be sent to a pathologist. The pathologist will put together a report of the findings. There are a couple of major types of surgery for breast cancer. These are Mastectomy and breast-conserving surgery. Mastectomy is where the breast or breasts will be completely removed. Breast-conserving surgery will remove a small amount of breast that has cancer in it.  

Chemotherapy is the most used treatment once breast cancer surgery has taken place. The purpose of chemotherapy is to try and completely remove any cancer cells that may be lingering in the body. If this is being used after surgery, this is known as neoadjuvant therapy.      

breast cancer treatment

Neoadjuvant therapy is similar to chemotherapy. Patients are asked to take the same drugs used in chemotherapy. The purpose of Neoadjuvant therapy is to try to make the breast tumor as small as possible. It is also designed to completely remove other cancer cells in other locations in the body.      Radiotherapy is also known as radiation therapy. This uses X-ray’s which are designed to completely remove cancer cells in the breast and nearby areas following surgery.     

Targeted therapy uses certain drugs that are designed to aim at certain enzymes or proteins that may be sitting in the cancer cell areas. The most common drug is called Herceptin and will treat HER2-positive breast cancer. There is a range of other targeted therapies that may better suit your situation. Tykerb, Kadcyla, and Perjeta are just some of these therapies.     

Hormone therapy is used as an oral medication. Most patients will take this every day for up to five years following other treatment options.     

Before deciding what treatment option might be best for you, always find out as much information as you can about these options. Discuss these options with your doctors and always ask them questions. Don’t forget to ask about the side effects of these treatments.

Information About Body Sculpting

Information About Body Sculpting

Do you want to take your body to a new level? If so, you are in the right place at the right time because we will give you what you want. There are many methods you can opt to choose to achieve your ideal body. You can choose to have a proper diet and exercise or undergo body contouring surgery. Body sculpting might be what you need when diet or exercise are not working to give you what you need.   

We are going to talk a little about what this has in store for you so you can get what you need as soon as possible. Therefore, read on so you can find out more about it.         

Body sculpting is all about removing unwanted fat from your body. The procedure is undertaken by men and women – mostly women – when diet and exercises are not doing what they are supposed to do. It is truly popular because it can give people the results they are looking for when it comes to getting rid of fat in the tummy, and other parts of the body.  


body sculpting


This procedure uses a CoolSculpting device to suction fat from your body right away, and it is truly good at it down the road.


The area to be treated will be numbed with either injected or topical numbing medicine too. Liposuction. This is a famous fat-extracting procedure that will give you what you want down the line. Getting rid of excess fat has never been easier, and you will love what you will get too.     

Remember that this procedure is truly here to stay for a long time because it can give you what you want. Try out sculpting your body today because this might be the solution to your beauty issues. You can take advantage of a wide array of treatments down the road too. From coolsculpting to liposuction, you have a lot of options at your disposal these days.

Tips on how to relieve neck pain

Tips on how to relieve neck pain

Most people experience neck pains at some point in their lives. Some of these necks pains occur in different forms. You may experience a sharp burning pain or a dull consistent ache. It’s important to note that the kind of injury in the neck muscles determines the type of pain that you are experiencing is a neck pain due to different reasons. Lucky enough is that most of these injuries that cause neck pains can be dealt with without necessarily having to go and see a doctor.

Discussed below are some of the effective ways that can be used on how to relieve neck pains. 


Since the main causes of a painful stiff neck is swelling and inflammation one can take anti-inflammatory prescription drugs which aid in easing the pain.    


Massage is very effective in relieving neck pains as it will relieve inflammation, muscle tension, and pain. Massage will also improve flexibility and relieve neuromuscular problems.       


Rest is usually the best option to take when the neck pains are extreme and when the neck muscles damage is pretty serious. Here you have to take a break from work for a couple of days. Most of this rest time should be spent while leaning back against a pillow and also lying down so as to keep too much pressure off the neck. This should not be overdone as it can also cause muscle stiffness.    


how to relieve neck pain

Stretching and strengthening exercise for the neck is very important if you spend the better part of your day at the computer or in an office desk. The most common exercises for keeping neck pains at bay are the shrug, and the head tilts. These two are easy to perform, and they are also very effective. The shrugs main purpose is to strengthen the muscle around the neck, while tilts give a full range of motion mostly in cases where neck rotation is the main point of interest.

Neck cancer

Neck cancer

Neck cancer represents a number of cancers that usually affect the larynx, throat, and sinuses. This type of cancer affects the crucial functions of the body that involves speaking and swallowing. You can book your appointment to us if you notice some signs that indicate a risk to your health.

Risk factors 

People who take alcohol, and particularly hard liquor or beer, those who use cigars, cigarettes, smokeless tobacco or pipes are prone to neck cancer and may also develop other complications in their body. Note that, risks also increases with the age of an individual. It mostly affects those people who are over 45 years.  

Reports and studies have also claimed that some strains of the HPV (human papillomavirus) which causes both genital and cervical cancers are risk factors of neck cancer in both women and men.   

Signs and symptoms 

The signs and symptoms include a persistent sore throat, trouble in swallowing, cough, ear pain, and a change in voice. Not to mention, a lump in either the throat or neck. It is always important to seek medical advice when you notice these signs and symptoms.  


It is always encouraged for all the adults to be screened regularly as part of the way of diagnosing neck cancer. These may involve inspection of soft tissues of the neck by machines under the watch of a professional doctor. If cancer is suspected in any way, your physician should order a PET scan to help in a further investigation. Also, he/she may conduct a biopsy in order to test cells for neck cancer. This may involve laryngoscopy or endoscopy.  

How it is treated

neck cancer

This one majorly relies on both the stage and location of the neck cancer. However, most patients have obtained a combination of radiation, chemotherapy, and surgery. It is always important to go for treatment that will not have a negative impact on your life.  

Possible side effects of neck cancer treatment

If not properly handled by a professional, neck cancer treatment may involve the following risks.  

  • Speaking, swallowing and eating difficulties  
  • Destroy your physical appearance

It is always important to seek advice from your doctor whenever you notice complications on your neck.

Head and neck cancer risk factors

Head and neck cancer risk factors

A risk factor is simply something with the images that increase your chance of getting a disease. A risk factor works by increasing your chances of conducting cancers. It is, therefore, necessary to avoid the risk factors. The following are some of the risk factors that are associated with head or neck cancer. They can be categorized into two, major and minor risk factors.    

Major Risk Factors 

1. Tobacco 

This is a major risk factor for head and neck cancer. Tobacco is not only found in cigarettes, but it is also present in cigars, pipes, and snuff. Research shows that a great percentage of people who use tobacco have a higher risk of being affected by these two types of cancers. Tobacco interferes with prognosis and thus reduces the chances of recovering. You should also be careful because secondary consumption of tobacco can put you in a risk of getting cancer.     

Head and neck cancer risk factors

2. Alcohol 

Higher intake of alcohol is known to cause different types of cancers. This includes head and neck, pharynx, larynx, mouth and esophagus cancer. When alcohol reaches the liver, it is converted into acetaldehyde which is a major cause of cancer. The conversion can also take place in the mouth and the gut due to the presence of bacteria. When tobacco and cigarette are combined, the risk will even be higher.  

Other Factors 

3. Age  

Older people with an age of above 40 years are at a higher risk of being affected by head and neck cancer. This is because their immune system and the cells are becoming weaker.     

4. Gender 

Speaking of gender, men are at high risk of head and neck cancer compared to women. The reason behind this is that men tend to use alcohol and tobacco at a higher rate.     

5. Human papillomavirus 

Medical research states that people with HPV are at a higher risk of these two types of cancers. This virus can be transmitted through sexual intercourse with an infected person. This can be prevented by vaccination.     

6. Weakened immune system 

The strong immune system means the ability to fight against the disease. A strong immune system, therefore, reduces the chances of acquiring head and neck cancer. On the other hand, increases the risk to these diseases.     

7. Poor nutrition 

A balanced diet is important for our general health. Poor nutrition is linked to many diseases such as kwashiorkor, marasmus and even cancers. For instance deficiency in vitamin A and B can lead to head and neck cancers.     

8. Environmental inhalants 

This includes things like sawdust, wood dust, radon, soot, vinyl chloride, asbestos, ultraviolet rays, aflatoxins and agricultural chemicals among others. When inhaled, they might increase the risk of head and neck cancers.     

The above is the head and neck cancer risk factors. They are known to increase your chances of conducting the disease. Avoiding them will reduce the chances of head and neck cancer.

3 Simple Ways on How to Cure Mouth Cancer Naturally

3 Simple Ways on How to Cure Mouth Cancer Naturally

Cancer of the mouth is sometimes called oral cancer. Statistically, this type of cancer affects more men than women. If this type of cancer is not detected early and treated properly, it is likely to spread to other parts of the body which would eventually lead to images of serious complications.  

Here are three different ways on how to cure mouth cancer naturally using homemade remedies.   

1. Go Green by Eating Vegetables

According to the American Institute for Cancer Research, an increase in the consumption of green leafy vegetables increases the chances of fighting cancer in the body. Green leafy foods such as cabbages reduce the spread as well as the size of cancer tumors because they possess anticancer properties in them. In the list also is the drumsticks. The leaves of drumstick vegetable cure cancer when used regularly. Dried and powdered, it’s then added to boiling water, drained and given to the patient for at least two months.  

2. Drink Green Tea Regularly 

In addition to consumption of green leafy vegetables, drinking green tea also helps fight cancer to a greater extent in the patient. The main reason behind this is that green tea contains antioxidants which are so helpful in flushing out harmful microorganisms from the human body. Always drinking the green tea within a given limit which is usually not more than 2 cups in a day can go a long way in helping the patient quickly recover from mouth cancer.  

how to cure mouth cancer naturally

3. Raspberries, Tomatoes and Avocadoes Juices

Raspberry juice is highly recommended during the treatment of cancer, especially the freshly blended juice. On the other hand, tomatoes are known to contain lycopene which is a component that gives them the red color. The component helps in the prevention of the damaged skin cells which are likely the causes of cancer. Moreover, avocados are known to be superfoods as they contain essential vitamins E, and C. These vitamins are good in fighting the pre-cancerous cells inside the mouth.  

In conclusion, oral cancer can be cured naturally if the patient follows instructions and practices a healthy lifestyle. Avoid drinking alcohol and tobacco during your cancer treatment as they can adversely affect your health. Besides, drinking alcohol is likely to delay the healing process and may take it longer for the symptoms to disappear.

Head and Neck Cancer Treatment

Head and Neck Cancer Treatment

The specialist in otorhinolaryngology summarizes the concept of head and neck cancer as various cancers that occur in the area of the head and neck.

There are many kinds of research done to find a cure for cancer. Cancer cells are removed through surgery to prevent it from spreading in the body. Surgery as part of medicine has been developed over the years. One that is common today is plastic surgery. Plastic surgery is done to reconstruct or enhance the appearance. If you are interested in learning more about plastic surgery, Plastic Surgery BRISBANE Team of Doctors and Surgeons can answer your questions about this topic.

Head and neck cancer include malignant tumors:

  • the oral cavity
  • the lips
  • the tongue
  • the floor of the mouth
  • the palate
  • the salivary glands (oral carcinoma) of the pharynx (pharyngeal carcinoma) of the larynx (laryngeal carcinoma)
  • the nose
  • the paranasal sinuses
  • the outer neck, especially the thyroid gland of the ear

Poor oral hygiene and chronic injuries can lead to head and neck cancer. Over the past decade, ENT specialists have noted an increase in head and neck cancer. Especially among young women and the elderly. Head and neck cancer ranks sixth in the world for all types of cancer. In Germany, the most common type of cancer diagnosed by the ENT specialist in the head and neck area is laryngeal cancer (laryngeal carcinoma). Around 9,500 men and 3,500 women develop malignant tumors of the oral cavity and pharynx each year. At the time of diagnosis, men are 66 years old on average. For women, the average age is 70 years. However, ENT specialists are diagnosing head and neck cancer in more and more young women. This is due to the increased consumption of tobacco smoke. 


If the diagnosis “head and neck cancer” is established, the ENT specialist will quickly start the treatment (therapy). The type, size, location, and spread of the tumor, as well as the age and state of health of the patient,  are taken into account when choosing the right treatment option. Basically, the specialist for ENT aims for a complete cure. For this, the following treatments are available: 

  • Surgery
  • Radiotherapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Chemoradiotherapy
  • Laser surgery
Head and neck cancer treatment

If the head and neck cancer are not advanced, surgical removal of the tumor by the ENT specialist is often sufficient. If the lymph nodes are already affected, these are also removed. Sometimes patients have to expect cosmetic surgery after surgery. With the help of plastic surgery, they can be partially or completely repaired. On the other hand, if the head and neck tumor has progressed further, radiation therapy or chemotherapy by the ENT specialist is required or a combination of both (adjuvant treatment). If the head and neck cancers are not operated on, the ENT specialist will combine chemotherapy with radiotherapy (chemoradiotherapy). For the treatment of head and neck cancer specialists for ENT also use the drug cetuximab to complement the radiation or chemotherapy. Studies have shown that this has significantly prolonged patients’ survival. Further treatment options are currently being researched. After treatment, regular follow-up visits to your ENT specialist are required.

How Important is Encouragement For A Cancer Patient

How Important is Encouragement For A Cancer Patient

Living with cancer can be frustrating. Reduces physical activity due to worsening health and agony due to symptoms. The themes of death and serious illnesses are sometimes difficult to learn, and for most people, this is an unidentified and unexplored area. Practitioners in Caringbah, NSW state that it can prove beneficial to support someone who suffers from cancer by encouraging them with much sympathy, decency, and happiness.

It’s important to know if the affected person is in remission or has terminal cancer. It may also be helpful to know in advance if the patient is receiving alternative medicine for the treatment of cancer or the normal course of therapy. Pay attention to the medical diagnosis of the patient. If the patient has false hopes of cancer, this is incurable, and he may feel very frustrated. Encourage a cancer patient by offering reassuring news, regardless of the medical analysis.

how important is encouragement for cancer patient

Offer comfortable blankets to keep them warm and comfortable in hospitals and treatment facilities. If the hospital does not allow quilts, you can opt for robes or jackets. You can also supply comfortable socks or slippers. For those who have damaged or lost their hair due to medications, you can also buy hats.

Despite the diagnosis, people have to spend sufficient time as a way of encouragement for cancer patients. Time is valuable to all cancer patients, so it’s important that they are surrounded by families or people whom the patient appreciates. If the treatment center allows, bring your family or friends for a visit. It’s also important that the analysis of the patient is not the main issue but focuses on common things like family events. However, when it comes to patients with end-stage cancer, the problem of the future can be tackled gently, because sooner or later the patient will not attend the next event due to his or her absence.

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